AsTra model

Vehicle fleet module (VFT)

The Vehicle Fleet Module (VFT) describes the vehicle fleet composition for all road modes. Vehicle fleets are differentiated into different age classes based on one-year-age cohorts and into different emission standard categories. The car vehicle fleet is developing according to income changes, development of population, fuel prices, fuel taxes, maintenance and purchase cost of vehicles, mileage and the density of filling stations for the different type of fuels. Vehicle fleet composition of buses, light-duty vehicles and heavy-duty vehicles mainly depends on travelled kilometres and the development of average annual mileages per vehicle of these modes. The purchase of vehicles is translated into value terms and forms an input of the economic sectors in the MAC that cover the vehicle production.


TRT Trasporti e Territorio


M-Five GmbH


Fraunhofer Isi