AsTra model


TechnologyIn ASTRA, road vehicle fleets are differentiated into different age classes and into different emission standard categories and, for cars, engine types, including also innovative technologies (biofuels, hybrid, electric and fuel cells). Investments and learning curves are included in the simulation of the fleet development process. Efficiency improvements are also included for non-road modes.

ASTRA is able to simulate the impact of measures like investment in innovative cars or feebate schemes as well as the effect of the fossil fuels price trend.

Vehicle fleet composition is the main technological output, combined with the economic aspects related to investments in technology.



TRT Trasporti e Territorio